Helmside Cottages

The red-bricked terraced Helmside Cottages were built in 1885 to house railway workers. Originally there were 25 cottages, 13 on the eastern side and 12 on the western side.

Helmside Cottages as surveyed in 1887

Today, there are only 11 on the western side, and the first cottage is numbered 4.

Number 2 has been demolished – a new brick facia can be clearly seen and the chimney breast, originally hidden internally between numbers 2 and 4 is now exposed. It was demolished to enable the main road to be widened and improve visability at the junction. The residents of No. 2 Helmside at the time were apparently Mr & Mrs Balmer and their daughter Wendy who moved to Bolefoot.

Helmside Cottages – Front view of the eleven remaining western cottages. Image courtesy of Google Street View 2011

Helmside Cottages – Rear view of the eleven remaining western cottages. Image courtesy of Google Street View 2011

Helmside Road, connecting Burton Road to Oxenholme Road, came much later in 1896. Until then, to get to Oxenholme Station and Depot, the railway workers had to use the cinder path running alongside the railway track.


Helmside Cottages – Even numbers (Western side)


2 Helmside Cottages – demolished

  • 1891 – James Jones & family
  • 1901 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1911 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1915 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1939 – Horace Baxter & family

4 Helmside Cottages – now 4 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Parkinson & family
  • 1901 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1911 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1915 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1939 – Albert Winder & family

6 Helmside Cottages  – now 6 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1901 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1911 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1915 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1939 – Francis Dunlop & family

8 Helmside Cottages – now 8 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Armer & family
  • 1901 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1911 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1915 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1939 – Thomas Robinson & family

10 Helmside Cottages – now 10 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Thomas Wills & family
  • 1901 – uninhabited
  • 1911 – John Pinch & family
  • 1915 – John Pinch & family
  • 1939 – Frederick Jackson & family

12 Helmside Cottages – now 12 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Edmund Askew & family
  • 1901 – Samuel Clive Dennison & family
  • 1911 – Joseph Edward Swinglehurst & family
  • 1915 – Joseph Edward Swinglehurst & family
  • 1939 – William Swarbrick & family

14 Helmside Cottages – now 14 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1901 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1911 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1939 – John Campbell & family

16 Helmside Cottages – now 16 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – James Tubboner & family
  • 1901 – Isabella Hindson & family
  • 1911 – William Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1915 – William Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1939 – William Haythornthwaite & family

18 Helmside Cottages – now 18 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Page & family
  • 1901 – George Page & family
  • 1911 – George Page & family
  • 1915 – George Page & family
  • 1939 – George Jellett & family

20 Helmside Cottages – now 20 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1901 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1911 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1915 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1939 – Frederick Robinson & family

22 Helmside Cottages – now 22 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Butler & family
  • 1901 – William Bell & family
  • 1911 – Christopher Hayton Dobson & family
  • 1915 – Christopher Hayton Dobson & family
  • 1939 – George Weaver & family

24 Helmside Cottages – now 24 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Reuben Lord & family
  • 1901 – Reuben Lord & family
  • 1911 – Thomas George Nixon & family
  • 1915 – Thomas George Nixon & family
  • 1939 – Elizabeth Nixon

Helmside Cottages – Odd numbers (Eastern side)


1 Helmside Cottages – now 1 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Joshua Dobson & family
  • 1901 – Joseph B Whiteside & family
  • 1911 – Francis Edwin ‘Frank’ Graham & family
  • 1915 – Francis Edwin ‘Frank’ Graham & family

3 Helmside Cottages – now 3 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Conway & family
  • 1901 – William Conway & family
  • 1911 – William Conway & family
  • 1915 – William Conway & family

5 Helmside Cottages – now 5 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1901 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1911 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1915 – Peter Birchall & family

7 Helmside Cottages – now 7 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Schofield & family
  • 1901 – William Schofield & family
  • 1911 – William Schofield & family
  • 1915 – William Schofield & family

9 Helmside Cottages – now 9 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Speed & family
  • 1901 – John Speed & family
  • 1911 – John Speed & family
  • 1915 – John Speed & family

11 Helmside Cottages – now 11 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1901 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1911 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1915 – John Thornburrow & family

13 Helmside Cottages – now 13 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1901 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1911 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1915 – Richard Graham & family

15 Helmside Cottages – now 15 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1901 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1911 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1915 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1940 – J. C. Jones & family

17 Helmside Cottages – now 17 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Smith & family
  • 1901 – Robert John Armer & family
  • 1911 – Robert John Armer & family
  • 1915 – Robert John Armer & family

19 Helmside Cottages – now 19 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1901 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1911 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1915 – Frederick Cragghill & family

21 Helmside Cottages – now 21 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Thompson & family
  • 1901 – John Thompson & family
  • 1911 – Robert Fothergill & family
  • 1915 – Robert Fothergill & family

23 Helmside Cottages – now 23 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – James Swan Tweddle & family
  • 1901 – James Swan Tweddle & family
  • 1911 – George Taylor Hayhurst & family
  • 1915 – George Taylor Hayhurst & family

25 Helmside Cottages – now 25 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Henry Jennings & family
  • 1901 – Richard Parker & family
  • 1911 – Richard Parker & family
  • 1915 – Richard Parker & family

Page last updated: 16 October 2017

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Armer


George Armer (c.18361915)

  • born c.1836 at Burton-in-Kendal, Westmorland
  • ninth of ten children born to agricultural labourer James Armer (1798–1874) and Margaret Armer neé Cowperthwaite (1799–1871)
  • factory boy aged 15 in 1851 living at Burton-in-Kendal
  • married Annie Cannon (1835–1892) at Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire on 12 November 1857
  • railway watchman in 1861 living at Lambrigg Head, Westmorland
  • railway pointsman in 1871 living at 10 Low Gill Cottages, Low Gill, Westmorland
  • railway porter in 1881 living at Speight Bridge, Hutton in the Hay, Westmorland
  • railway foreman porter in 1891 living at 8 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • wife Annie died in 1892
  • inmate of Milnthorpe Workhouse in 1901
  • inmate of Milnthorpe Workhouse in 1911
  • died 1915

George and Annie had ten children:

  • John James Armer (1858–1870) – baptised 8 September 1858 at Over Kellet, Lancashire – died aged 12 – buried 8 April 1870 at Ulverston, Lancashire
  • Clara Armer (1860–1927) – baptised 6 January 1861 at Grayrigg, Westmorland – servant at Middleshaw Farm, Old Hutton in 1881 – married James Graham (1864–1927) in 1888 – died aged 66 at Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire in 1927
  • George Armer (1862–?)
  • Nancy Armer (1865–1865)
  • Margaret Armer (1866–1880)
  • William Armer (1869–1884)
  • Anthony Armer (1871–1884)
  • Annie Armer (1872–?)
  • Robert John Armer (1875–1948) – see further information below
  • Joseph Armer (1879–1961) – stores clerk for shipbuilder at Barrow-in-Furness in 1911 – married Florence Price – had eight children (6 boys and 2 girls)

Robert John Armer (c.1875–1948)

  • born at New Hutton, Westmorland
  • scholar in 1881 living at Speight Bridge, Hutton-in-the-Hay, Westmorland
  • engine cleaner in 1891 living at 8 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • married Jane Graham (1877–1965) daughter of railway engine driver Richard Graham in 1899
  • lived at 17 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • died 1 August 1948
  • buried at St. Mark’s Church, Natland
  • headstone inscribed “In loving memory of Robert John Armer who died 1st August 1948 aged 73 years. Also of Jane his beloved wife who died 3rd March 1965 aged 87 years.”
  • administration Carlisle 1 September 1948 to Jane Armer widow
  • effects £890 14s 3d
  • widow Jane continued to live at 17 Helmside with son Richard and his family
  • Jane died 3 March 1965
  • probate Carlisle 9 June 1965 to son Richard Graham Armer railway employee
  • effects £2,584

Robert and Jane had at least four children:

  • Richard Graham Armer (1902–1995)
  • Phoebe Armer (1903–1979) – died 29 August 1979 – buried at St. Mark’s Church, Natland – headstone inscribed “In loving memory of Phoebe Armer who died 29th August 1979.”
  • Robert Eric Armer (1905–1980)
  • George William Armer (1912-1943) – George was a schoolmaster and served in WW2 as a Sergeant Navigator/Bomber in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 15 Squadron and was killed in action on 2 March 1943. He is buried at Baarderadeel General Cemetery, Schillaard, Friesland, Netherlands and is commemorated on the Natland War Memorial and by a wall plaque inside St. Mark’s Church

James Armer (1850-1871)

  • born at Old Hutton, Westmorland in 1850
  • son of railway labourer Matthew Armer (1825-1901) and Mary Armer neé Bell (1826–1900)
  • cousin of Robert John Armer (c.1875–1948) above
  • scholar aged 10 in 1861 living at Bridge End, Old Hutton
  • railway labourer aged 20 in 1871 living at Bridge End, Old Hutton
  • gatekeeper killed at Oxenholme Station 9 December 1871

Can you add any information to this page? Do you have any photographs or memories you could share? If so, please email us

Page last updated: 16 October 2017

 

 

Nixon


Thomas George Nixon (18691926)

  • born 1869 at Cavers, Roxburghshire, Scotland
  • one of twelve children born to Thomas Jack Nixon (1843–1907) and Margaret Jane Nixon neé Nicholson (1846–1919)
  • father Thomas was station master at various locations including Nether Staveley, Burton & Holme, Nether Wyresdale and Plumpton
  • in 1871 living at Nether Staveley railway station
  • scholar in 1881 living at Station House, Burton-in-Kendal
  • in 1890 married Elizabeth Todd Stainton (1865–1946)
  • railway clerk in 1891 living at Harterbeck, Roeburndale, Lancashire with wife’s mother, stepfather and family
  • living at Clifton, Westmorland from 1892 to 1895 or later
  • railway clerk in 1901 living at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal
  • railway booking clerk in 1911 living at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • Thomas died 5 October 1926 and is buried at St Mark’s Church, Natland
  • probate Carlisle 14 December to widow Elizabeth Todd Nixon
  • effects £627 9s 8d
  • his widow Elizabeth continued to live at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • she won numerous prizes for her bread-baking in the thirties
  • Elizabeth died 1 July 1946 at 10 Gandy Street, Kendal and is buried at St. Mark’s Church, Natland
  • probate to son Percy Nixon railway engine driver
  • effects £597 14s 8d

Thomas and Elizabeth had five children:

  • Elizabeth Nixon (1890–1891) – born at Roeburndale, Lancashire and died as an infant
  • Herbert Nixon (1892–1920) – see further information below
  • Percy Nixon (1895–1976) – see further information below
  • Florence Nixon (1901–1983) – born 24 April 1901 at Burton-in-Kendal – married William Teasdale in 1937 – died in 1983
  • Leslie Stainton Nixon (1904–1924) – born at Natland in 1904 – died 17 August 1924 aged 19

Herbert Nixon (1892–1920)

herbert nixon

Herbert Nixon 1892-1920 Photograph courtesy of his daughter Marian

  • born at Clifton, Westmorland in 1892
  • railway storeman in 1917
  • married Helen Escolme (1894–1918) in July 1917
  • sadly wife Helen died in October 1918
  • Herbert initially served as a Private in the RASC Motor Transport Unit
  • died from typhus on 25 January 1920 while serving in Southern Russia
  • his name is recorded on the Haidar Pasha Memorial, Turkey and on a supplementary plaque added to the Natland memorial in 2008
helen escolme

Helen Escolme 1894-1918 Photograph courtesy of daughter Marion

Herbert and Helen had one daughter:

  • Marion Nixon (1918–) – mother Helen died just three weeks after giving birth and so Marion was brought up by her mother’s sister

Percy Nixon (1895–1976)

  • born 2 October 1895 at Clifton, Westmorland
  • living with parents at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal in 1901
  • railway bookstall clerk in 1911 living with parents at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • railway fireman at Oxenholme
  • served with the Railway Operating Division in World War 1
  • awarded the Military Medal for gallantry and devotion to duty

“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty”

While attached to the 4th Australian Broad Gauge Railway Operating Company, Sapper Percy Nixon, together with Corporal Norman James Lewis and 2nd Corporal James Edward Waters of that Company, were the train crew working with a party of Royal Engineers between Villers Faucon and Tincourt on 21 March 1918. They were constantly subjected to intense shell fire, They were the train crew that removed the last rolling stock from Roisel and also from Tincourt.

  • married Mary Eleanor ‘Nellie’ Bell (1901–1991) daughter of railway foreman shunter William Bell in 1927
  • Percy died on 16 October 1976 aged 81
  • widow Nellie died on 13 July 1991 aged 90

Can you add any information to this page? Do you have any photographs or memories you could share? If so, please email us

With thanks to: The Escolme Family

Page last updated 14 October 2017