Helmside Cottages

The red-bricked terraced Helmside Cottages were built in 1885 to house railway workers. Originally there were 25 cottages, 13 on the eastern side and 12 on the western side.

Helmside Cottages as surveyed in 1887

Today, there are only 11 on the western side, and the first cottage is numbered 4.

Number 2 has been demolished – a new brick facia can be clearly seen and the chimney breast, originally hidden internally between numbers 2 and 4 is now exposed. It was demolished to enable the main road to be widened and improve visability at the junction. The residents of No. 2 Helmside at the time were apparently Mr & Mrs Balmer and their daughter Wendy who moved to Bolefoot.

Helmside Cottages – Front view of the eleven remaining western cottages. Image courtesy of Google Street View 2011

Helmside Cottages – Rear view of the eleven remaining western cottages. Image courtesy of Google Street View 2011

Helmside Road, connecting Burton Road to Oxenholme Road, came much later in 1896. Until then, to get to Oxenholme Station and Depot, the railway workers had to use the cinder path running alongside the railway track.


Helmside Cottages – Even numbers (Western side)


2 Helmside Cottages – demolished

  • 1891 – James Jones & family
  • 1901 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1911 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1915 – Richard Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1939 – Horace Baxter & family

4 Helmside Cottages – now 4 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Parkinson & family
  • 1901 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1911 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1915 – Albert Winder & family
  • 1939 – Albert Winder & family

6 Helmside Cottages  – now 6 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1901 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1911 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1915 – Isaac Nelson & family
  • 1939 – Francis Dunlop & family

8 Helmside Cottages – now 8 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Armer & family
  • 1901 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1911 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1915 – Thomas Robinson & family
  • 1939 – Thomas Robinson & family

10 Helmside Cottages – now 10 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Thomas Wills & family
  • 1901 – uninhabited
  • 1911 – John Pinch & family
  • 1915 – John Pinch & family
  • 1939 – Frederick Jackson & family

12 Helmside Cottages – now 12 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Edmund Askew & family
  • 1901 – Samuel Clive Dennison & family
  • 1911 – Joseph Edward Swinglehurst & family
  • 1915 – Joseph Edward Swinglehurst & family
  • 1939 – William Swarbrick & family

14 Helmside Cottages – now 14 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1901 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1911 – Richard Laycock & family
  • 1939 – John Campbell & family

16 Helmside Cottages – now 16 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – James Tubboner & family
  • 1901 – Isabella Hindson & family
  • 1911 – William Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1915 – William Haythornthwaite & family
  • 1939 – William Haythornthwaite & family

18 Helmside Cottages – now 18 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Page & family
  • 1901 – George Page & family
  • 1911 – George Page & family
  • 1915 – George Page & family
  • 1939 – George Jellett & family

20 Helmside Cottages – now 20 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1901 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1911 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1915 – Richard Baines & family
  • 1939 – Frederick Robinson & family

22 Helmside Cottages – now 22 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Butler & family
  • 1901 – William Bell & family
  • 1911 – Christopher Hayton Dobson & family
  • 1915 – Christopher Hayton Dobson & family
  • 1939 – George Weaver & family

24 Helmside Cottages – now 24 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Reuben Lord & family
  • 1901 – Reuben Lord & family
  • 1911 – Thomas George Nixon & family
  • 1915 – Thomas George Nixon & family
  • 1939 – Elizabeth Nixon

Helmside Cottages – Odd numbers (Eastern side)


1 Helmside Cottages – now 1 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Joshua Dobson & family
  • 1901 – Joseph B Whiteside & family
  • 1911 – Francis Edwin ‘Frank’ Graham & family
  • 1915 – Francis Edwin ‘Frank’ Graham & family

3 Helmside Cottages – now 3 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Conway & family
  • 1901 – William Conway & family
  • 1911 – William Conway & family
  • 1915 – William Conway & family

5 Helmside Cottages – now 5 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1901 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1911 – Peter Birchall & family
  • 1915 – Peter Birchall & family

7 Helmside Cottages – now 7 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Schofield & family
  • 1901 – William Schofield & family
  • 1911 – William Schofield & family
  • 1915 – William Schofield & family

9 Helmside Cottages – now 9 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Speed & family
  • 1901 – John Speed & family
  • 1911 – John Speed & family
  • 1915 – John Speed & family

11 Helmside Cottages – now 11 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1901 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1911 – John Thornburrow & family
  • 1915 – John Thornburrow & family

13 Helmside Cottages – now 13 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1901 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1911 – Richard Graham & family
  • 1915 – Richard Graham & family

15 Helmside Cottages – now 15 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1901 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1911 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1915 – Richardson Ellison & family
  • 1940 – J. C. Jones & family

17 Helmside Cottages – now 17 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – George Smith & family
  • 1901 – Robert John Armer & family
  • 1911 – Robert John Armer & family
  • 1915 – Robert John Armer & family

19 Helmside Cottages – now 19 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1901 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1911 – William Cragghill & family
  • 1915 – Frederick Cragghill & family

21 Helmside Cottages – now 21 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – John Thompson & family
  • 1901 – John Thompson & family
  • 1911 – Robert Fothergill & family
  • 1915 – Robert Fothergill & family

23 Helmside Cottages – now 23 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – James Swan Tweddle & family
  • 1901 – James Swan Tweddle & family
  • 1911 – George Taylor Hayhurst & family
  • 1915 – George Taylor Hayhurst & family

25 Helmside Cottages – now 25 Helmside Road

  • 1891 – Henry Jennings & family
  • 1901 – Richard Parker & family
  • 1911 – Richard Parker & family
  • 1915 – Richard Parker & family

Page last updated: 16 October 2017

Save

Nixon


Thomas George Nixon (18691926)

  • born 1869 at Cavers, Roxburghshire, Scotland
  • one of twelve children born to Thomas Jack Nixon (1843–1907) and Margaret Jane Nixon neé Nicholson (1846–1919)
  • father Thomas was station master at various locations including Nether Staveley, Burton & Holme, Nether Wyresdale and Plumpton
  • in 1871 living at Nether Staveley railway station
  • scholar in 1881 living at Station House, Burton-in-Kendal
  • in 1890 married Elizabeth Todd Stainton (1865–1946)
  • railway clerk in 1891 living at Harterbeck, Roeburndale, Lancashire with wife’s mother, stepfather and family
  • living at Clifton, Westmorland from 1892 to 1895 or later
  • railway clerk in 1901 living at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal
  • railway booking clerk in 1911 living at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • Thomas died 5 October 1926 and is buried at St Mark’s Church, Natland
  • probate Carlisle 14 December to widow Elizabeth Todd Nixon
  • effects £627 9s 8d
  • his widow Elizabeth continued to live at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • she won numerous prizes for her bread-baking in the thirties
  • Elizabeth died 1 July 1946 at 10 Gandy Street, Kendal and is buried at St. Mark’s Church, Natland
  • probate to son Percy Nixon railway engine driver
  • effects £597 14s 8d

Thomas and Elizabeth had five children:

  • Elizabeth Nixon (1890–1891) – born at Roeburndale, Lancashire and died as an infant
  • Herbert Nixon (1892–1920) – see further information below
  • Percy Nixon (1895–1976) – see further information below
  • Florence Nixon (1901–1983) – born 24 April 1901 at Burton-in-Kendal – married William Teasdale in 1937 – died in 1983
  • Leslie Stainton Nixon (1904–1924) – born at Natland in 1904 – died 17 August 1924 aged 19

Herbert Nixon (1892–1920)

herbert nixon

Herbert Nixon 1892-1920 Photograph courtesy of his daughter Marian

  • born at Clifton, Westmorland in 1892
  • railway storeman in 1917
  • married Helen Escolme (1894–1918) in July 1917
  • sadly wife Helen died in October 1918
  • Herbert initially served as a Private in the RASC Motor Transport Unit
  • died from typhus on 25 January 1920 while serving in Southern Russia
  • his name is recorded on the Haidar Pasha Memorial, Turkey and on a supplementary plaque added to the Natland memorial in 2008
helen escolme

Helen Escolme 1894-1918 Photograph courtesy of daughter Marion

Herbert and Helen had one daughter:

  • Marion Nixon (1918–) – mother Helen died just three weeks after giving birth and so Marion was brought up by her mother’s sister

Percy Nixon (1895–1976)

  • born 2 October 1895 at Clifton, Westmorland
  • living with parents at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal in 1901
  • railway bookstall clerk in 1911 living with parents at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
  • railway fireman at Oxenholme
  • served with the Railway Operating Division in World War 1
  • awarded the Military Medal for gallantry and devotion to duty

“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty”

While attached to the 4th Australian Broad Gauge Railway Operating Company, Sapper Percy Nixon, together with Corporal Norman James Lewis and 2nd Corporal James Edward Waters of that Company, were the train crew working with a party of Royal Engineers between Villers Faucon and Tincourt on 21 March 1918. They were constantly subjected to intense shell fire, They were the train crew that removed the last rolling stock from Roisel and also from Tincourt.

  • married Mary Eleanor ‘Nellie’ Bell (1901–1991) daughter of railway foreman shunter William Bell in 1927
  • Percy died on 16 October 1976 aged 81
  • widow Nellie died on 13 July 1991 aged 90

Can you add any information to this page? Do you have any photographs or memories you could share? If so, please email us

With thanks to: The Escolme Family

Page last updated 14 October 2017

WARTIME

We will remember them

We know of five men associated with Oxenholme who lost their lives on active service in World War 1 or shortly after:

George Francis ‘Frank’ Askew (1889-1915)
‘Frank’, was born at Lancaster on 12 January 1889, the second of at least six children born to Edmund and his wife Ellen. The family moved to Oxenholme when Frank was just 2, with Edmund being employed on the railway first as a yardsman and then as a shunter. Frank enlisted at Glasgow and served as a Private in the 8th Battalion of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). He died at Gallipoli on 8 June 1915. His name is recorded on the Helles Memorial, Turkey but not on the Natland memorial.

Also see: Askew family page

Alexander Cragghill (1899-1918)
Alexander, born in 1899, lived at 19 Helmside, Oxenholme and was the second of two sons born to William Cragghill and his second wife Catherine Cragghill (formerly White). Alexander’s father William, a railway engine driver, had ten children by his first wife Ellen Craghill neé Butler. Alexander served as a Private with the 13th Battalion, The King’s (Liverpool) Regiment. He died on 28 March 1918 during the First Battle of Arras. Alexander’s name is recorded on the Arras Memorial, France and on the original plaque of the Natland memorial.

Also see: Cragghill family page

Herbert Nixon (1892-1920)
Herbert, born at Clifton, Westmorland in 1892, was the second of five children born to Thomas George Nixon and his wife Elizabeth Todd Nixon who lived at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme. Like his father, Herbert worked on the railway. Herbert married Helen Escolme in July 1917 and daughter Marian was born in October 1918. Sadly Helen died just three weeks later. Herbert initially served as a Private in the RASC Motor Transport Unit. He died from typhus on 25 January 1920 while serving in Southern Russia. Daughter Marian was brought up by her mother’s sister. Herbert’s name is recorded on the Haidar Pasha Memorial, Turkey and on a supplementary plaque added to the Natland memorial in 2008.

Also see: Nixon family page

Douglas Swan Tweddle (1891-1917)
Douglas, born at Oxenholme in 1891, was the fourth of eleven children born to James Swan Tweddle and his wife Rhoda Nixon who lived at 23 Helmside, Oxenholme. Like his father, Douglas worked on the railway. Douglas married Florence Cole at St. Peter’s Church, Aintree in 1916. He served as a Private in the 22nd Battalion, The Manchester Regiment. He died on 27 May 1917. His name is commemorated on the Achiet-le-Grand Communal Cemetery Memorial and at St. Peter’s Church, Aintree, but not on the Natland memorial.

Also see: Tweddle family page

John James Woof (1893-1917)
John, a farm labourer born at Oxenholme, was the second of eight children born to Joseph Woof and his wife Hannah Woof.  He served as a Private in the 1st Battalion, The Border Regiment. He died on 23 April 1917 and is commemorated on the Arras Memorial.

Page last updated 8 October 2017

Probate Index

The following transcriptions have been extracted from the National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations):

A

  • ARMER George William of 17 Helm-side Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 2 March 1943 on war service. Administration Carlisle 29 June (1944) to Robert John Armer retired engine driver. Effects £539 2s 4d.
  • ARMER Robert John of 17 Helmside Oxenholme Kendal Westmorland died 1 August 1948. Administration Carlisle 1 September (1948) to Jane Armer widow. Effects £890 14s 3d.

B

  • BAINES Richard of Helmside Natland Kendal Westmorland retired railway signalman died 17 January 1922 Administration Carlisle 29 March (1922) to John Baines hotel porter. Effects £208 0s 11d.
  • BAKER Francis Edwin of Mountain View Gatebeck near Kendal Westmorland died 20 February 1949. Administration Carlisle 9 April (1949) to Mary Jane Baker widow. Effects £447 19s 4d.
  • BLAND Ernest William of 4 Hill-place Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 25 March 1944. Administration Carlisle 2 May (1944) to Margaret Ann Bland widow. Effects £486 9s 11d.

D

  • DIXON George Whitehead of Station Inn Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 4 May 1958. Administration Carlisle 3 June (1958) to Ellen Wilson Dixon widow. Effects £851 15s 10d.

F

  • FORSHAW Ellen of Station Cottages Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 7 March 1914. Administration Carlisle 23 March (1914) to Edward Fleming labourer. Effects £83 15s 3d.

K

  • KNIGHTS Richard Atkin of Hillcrest Oxenholme Westmorland died 10 December 1952 Probate Carlisle 24 February (1953) to Lawrence Herbert Shepherd cycle agent. Effects £3,046 16s 9d.

M

  • MOFFAT Ada Mary of Mountside Beech Hill Terrace Kendal Westmorland died 13 June 1966. Probate Carlisle 7 September (1966) to Philip Gardner Thomson solicitor. £10,108
  • MOFFAT Thomas of Glen-villa Oxenholme Westmorland died 8 March 1923. Probate Carlisle 24 April (1923) to Ada Mary Moffat widow and Arthur Ingram Moffat agricultural merchant and agent. Effects £4,726 5s 7d.

N

  • NIXON Elizabeth Todd of 24 Helmside Oxenholme Westmorland widow died 1 July 1946 at 10 Gandy-street Kendal Westmorland. Probate Carlisle 23 July (1946) to Percy Nixon railway engine driver. Effects £597 14s 8d.

P

  • PAINE Harry of 8 Union-street Kendal Westmorland brakesman died 5 December 1913 at Wigan. Administration Carlisle 2 January (1914) to Jane Paine widow. Effects £168 5s.
  • PEARS John. 16 January (1890). Administration of the Personal Estate of John Pears late of Helmside near Kendal in the County of Westmoreland Railway Porter who died 1 January 1890 at Oxenholme near Kendal in the said County was granted at Carlisle to Sarah Pears of Helmside Widow the Relict. Personal Estate £246 14s 11d.

R

  • RISHTON Frank of Helmdene Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 23 March 1934. Probate Carlisle 9 August (1934) to Margaret Rishton widow Henry John Rishton retired farmer and Richard Askew retired police sergeant. Effects £11,055 8s 8d.

S

  • SWARBRICK Allan of 12 Helmside Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 12 March 1944 at Westmorland County Hospital. Administration Carlisle 2 May (1944) to Jane Swarbrick widow. Effects £372 6s 3d.

T

  • TEASDALE George. 23 August 1866. The Will of George Teasdale formerly of the “Beehive” Inn Stainton in the Parish of Heversham but late of “Oxenholme Station” Inn Natland both in the County of Westmoreland Innkeeper deceased who died 30 June 1866 at the “Oxenholme Station” Inn aforesaid was proved at Carlisle by the oaths of Isabella Teasdale of “Oxenholme Station” Inn aforesaid Widow the Relict William Hindson of Old Hutton in the County aforesaid Relieving Officer and Thomas Dixon of Underhelm in Stainton aforesaid Farmer the Executors. Effects under £800.
  • TEASDALE Isabella. 3 February 1876. Administration of the effects of Isabella Teasdale late of “Oxenholme Station” Inn in the Township of Natland in the County of Westmoreland Widow who died 1 January 1876 at “Oxenholme Station” Inn was granted at Carlisle to George Teasdale of “Oxenholme Station” Inn Innkeeper the Son and one of the Next of Kin. Effects under £200.

W

  • WILSON Charles Henry of Oxenholme House Oxenholme Westmorland died 7 March 1927. Probate Carlisle 27 April (1927) to John Gasgoigne Swinglehurst esquire and Edward Moser solicitor. Effects £49,017 19s 8d. Resworn £49,142 19s 8d.
  • WILSON William Esq. 9 September 1880. The Will with a Codicil of William Wilson late of Rigmaden in the County of Westmoreland Esquire who died 26 July 1880 at Rigmaden was proved at Carlisle by Arthur Shepherd of Shaw End in the said County esquire and Christopher Wyndham Wilson of Rigmaden William James Wilson of High Park in the said County and Charles Henry Wilson of Rigmaden Esquires the Sons the Executors. Personal Estate under £200,000.
  • WINDER Albert Edward otherwise Albert Edward Chapman of 4 Helmside Oxenholme Kendal Westmorland died 30 January 1957 at Kendal Green Hospital Kendal. Probate Carlisle 19 February (1957) to John Willie Winder railway guard. Effects £423 15s 8d.
  • WINDER John Willie of Helme Hurst 100 Oxenholme Road Kendal Westmorland died 29 November 1958. Administration (with Will) Carlisle 19 February (1959) to Helena Winder widow. Effects £2,208 9s 8d.

Page last updated: 5 December 2016