one of twelve children born to Thomas Jack Nixon (1843–1907)and Margaret Jane Nixon neé Nicholson (1846–1919)
father Thomas was station master at various locations including Nether Staveley, Burton & Holme, Nether Wyresdale and Plumpton
in 1871 living at Nether Staveley railway station
scholar in 1881 living at Station House, Burton-in-Kendal
in 1890 married Elizabeth Todd Stainton (1865–1946)
railway clerk in 1891 living at Harterbeck, Roeburndale, Lancashire with wife’s mother, stepfather and family
living at Clifton, Westmorland from 1892 to 1895 or later
railway clerk in 1901 living at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal
railway booking clerk in 1911 living at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
Thomas died 5 October 1926 and is buried at St Mark’s Church, Natland
probate Carlisle 14 December to widow Elizabeth Todd Nixon
effects £627 9s 8d
his widow Elizabeth continued to live at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
she won numerous prizes for her bread-baking in the thirties
Elizabeth died 1 July 1946 at 10 Gandy Street, Kendal and is buried at St. Mark’s Church, Natland
probate to son Percy Nixon railway engine driver
effects £597 14s 8d
Thomas and Elizabeth had five children:
Elizabeth Nixon (1890–1891) – born at Roeburndale, Lancashire and died as an infant
Herbert Nixon (1892–1920) – see further information below
Percy Nixon (1895–1976)– see further information below
Florence Nixon (1901–1983)– born 24 April 1901 at Burton-in-Kendal – married William Teasdale in 1937 – died in 1983
Leslie Stainton Nixon (1904–1924) – born at Natland in 1904 – died 17 August 1924 aged 19
Herbert Nixon (1892–1920)
Herbert Nixon 1892-1920 Photograph courtesy of his daughter Marian
born at Clifton, Westmorland in 1892
railway storeman in 1917
married Helen Escolme (1894–1918)in July 1917
sadly wife Helen died in October 1918
Herbert initially served as a Private in the RASC Motor Transport Unit
died from typhus on 25 January 1920 while serving in Southern Russia
his name is recorded on the Haidar Pasha Memorial, Turkey and on a supplementary plaque added to the Natland memorial in 2008
Helen Escolme 1894-1918 Photograph courtesy of daughter Marion
Herbert and Helen had one daughter:
Marion Nixon (1918–) – mother Helen died just three weeks after giving birth and so Marion was brought up by her mother’s sister
Percy Nixon (1895–1976)
born 2 October 1895 at Clifton, Westmorland
living with parents at Lay Pitts, Burton-in-Kendal in 1901
railway bookstall clerk in 1911 living with parents at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme
railway fireman at Oxenholme
served with the Railway Operating Division in World War 1
awarded the Military Medal for gallantry and devotion to duty
“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty”
While attached to the 4th Australian Broad Gauge Railway Operating Company, Sapper Percy Nixon, together with Corporal Norman James Lewis and 2nd Corporal James Edward Waters of that Company, were the train crew working with a party of Royal Engineers between Villers Faucon and Tincourt on 21 March 1918. They were constantly subjected to intense shell fire, They were the train crew that removed the last rolling stock from Roisel and also from Tincourt.
married Mary Eleanor ‘Nellie’ Bell (1901–1991) daughter of railway foreman shunter William Bellin 1927
Percy died on 16 October 1976 aged 81
widow Nellie died on 13 July 1991 aged 90
Can you add any information to this page? Do you have any photographs or memories you could share? If so, please email us
We know of six men associated with Oxenholme who lost their lives on active service in World War 1 or shortly after:
George Francis ‘Frank’ Askew (1889-1915) ‘Frank’, was born at Lancaster on 12 January 1889, the second of at least six children born to Edmund and his wife Ellen. The family moved to 12 Helmside, Oxenholme when Frank was just 2, with Edmund being employed on the railway first as a yardsman and then as a shunter. Frank enlisted at Glasgow and served as a Private in the 8th Battalion of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). He died at Gallipoli on 8 June 1915. His name is recorded on the Helles Memorial, Turkey but not on the Natland memorial.
Alexander Cragghill (1899-1918) Alexander, born in 1899, lived at 19 Helmside, Oxenholme and was the second of two sons born to William Cragghill and his second wife Catherine Cragghill (formerly White). Alexander’s father William, a railway engine driver, had thirteen children by his first wife Ellen Craghill neé Butler. Alexander served as a Private with the 13th Battalion, The King’s (Liverpool) Regiment. He died on 28 March 1918 during the First Battle of Arras. Alexander’s name is recorded on the Arras Memorial, France and on the original plaque of the Natland memorial.
Herbert Nixon (1892-1920) Herbert, born at Clifton, Westmorland in 1892, was the second of five children born to Thomas George Nixon and his wife Elizabeth Todd Nixon who lived at 24 Helmside, Oxenholme. Like his father, Herbert worked on the railway. Herbert married Helen Escolme in July 1917 and daughter Marian was born in October 1918. Sadly Helen died just three weeks later. Herbert initially served as a Private in the RASC Motor Transport Unit. He died from typhus on 25 January 1920 while serving in Southern Russia. Daughter Marian was brought up by her mother’s sister. Herbert’s name is recorded on the Haidar Pasha Memorial, Turkey and on a supplementary plaque added to the Natland memorial in 2008.
Douglas Swan Tweddle (1891-1917) Douglas, born at Oxenholme in 1891, was the fourth of eleven children born to James Swan Tweddle and his wife Rhoda Nixon who lived at 23 Helmside, Oxenholme. Like his father, Douglas worked on the railway. Douglas married Florence Cole at St. Peter’s Church, Aintree in 1916. He served as a Private in the 22nd Battalion, The Manchester Regiment. He died on 27 May 1917. His name is commemorated on the Achiet-le-Grand Communal Cemetery Memorial and at St. Peter’s Church, Aintree, but not on the Natland memorial.
Charles, born at Oxenholme on 24 June 1894, was the fifth of six children born to William James Wilson (1845–1904) and his wife Susan Isabella Rachel Wilson nee Smith (1860–1933), known as Rachel, who lived at High Park House, Oxenholme. Charles was educated at Cheltenham College. He served with the 2nd Battalion, The Border Regiment as a 2nd Lieutenant but was killed in action on 12 March 1925 during the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, France aged 20. He was initially buried at Cuthbert Farm Cemetery near Richebourg-L’Avoue and his remains were due to be moved in 1925 to Rue-Petillon Cemetery, Fleurbaix but were not found. His name is commemorated at the Le Touret Memorial and on the Kendal Memorial. Probate was granted at Carlisle on 23 July 1915 to his widowed mother Rachel. His estate was valued at £744.
John James Woof (1893-1917) John, a farm labourer born at Oxenholme, was the second of eight children born to Joseph Woof and his wife Hannah Woof. He served as a Private in the 1st Battalion, The Border Regiment. He died on 23 April 1917 and is commemorated on the Arras Memorial.
In November 2018, Kendal Library, with the support of Kendal Town Council and the Royal British Legion, created a walking trail to commemorate the sacrifice of the 316 men from Kendal and Oxenholme during the First World War. The above is an extract. Unfortunately, the red markers were placed at the wrong end of Helmside Road – all the men lived in Helmside Cottages off the map in the bottom left corner.
We know of one man associated with Oxenholme who lost his life on active service in World War 2 or shortly after:
George William Armer (1912-1943) George was born in 1912 to Robert John Armer and his wife Jane who lived at 17 Helmside, Oxenholme. George was a schoolmaster and served in WW2 as a Sergeant Navigator/Bomber in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 15 Squadron. George was killed in action on 2 March 1943. He was buried at Baarderadeel General Cemetery, Schillaard, Friesland, Netherlands and is commemorated on the Natland War Memorial and by a wall plaque inside St. Mark’s Church
The following transcriptions have been extracted from the National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations):
ARMER George William of 17 Helm-side Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 2 March 1943 on war service. Administration Carlisle 29 June (1944) to Robert John Armer retired engine driver. Effects £539 2s 4d.
ARMER Robert John of 17 Helmside Oxenholme Kendal Westmorland died 1 August 1948. Administration Carlisle 1 September (1948) to Jane Armer widow. Effects £890 14s 3d.
BAINES Richard of Helmside Natland Kendal Westmorland retired railway signalman died 17 January 1922 Administration Carlisle 29 March (1922) to John Baines hotel porter. Effects £208 0s 11d.
BAKER Francis Edwin of Mountain View Gatebeck near Kendal Westmorland died 20 February 1949. Administration Carlisle 9 April (1949) to Mary Jane Baker widow. Effects £447 19s 4d.
BALMER Brenda Annie of 48 Helmside Road Oxenholme Kendal died 29 June 1987. Administration with Will Newcastle-upon-Tyne 28 July. Not exceeding £40000
BLAND Ernest Williamof 4 Hill-place Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 25 March 1944. Administration Carlisle 2 May (1944) to Margaret Ann Bland widow. Effects £486 9s 11d.
DICKINSON Edmund of 14 Fairbank Kirkby Lonsdale Westmorland died 24 January 1932 at the Guardians Institution Kendal Westmorland. Probate Carlisle 8 Fbruary (1932) to Margaret Alice Dickinson (wife of James Dickinson). Effects £60 7s 3d.
DIXON George Whiteheadof Station Inn Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 4 May 1958. Administration Carlisle 3 June (1958) to Ellen Wilson Dixon widow. Effects £851 15s 10d.
FORSHAW Ellen of Station Cottages Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 7 March 1914. Administration Carlisle 23 March (1914) to Edward Fleming labourer. Effects £83 15s 3d.
GRAHAM Richard of 6 Ford-terrace Kendal Westmorland died 29 January 1927 Probate Carlisle 25 February (1927) to Francis Braithwaite Graham shunter and George Weaver ticket collector. Effects £1,668 9s 3d.
HAYTHORNTHWAITE Richard of 2 Helmside Oxenholme Westmorland railway signal chargeman died 31 December 1919. Administration Carlisle 17 March (1920) to Elizabeth Alice Haythornthwaite widow. Effects £98 3s 9d.
KNIGHTS Richard Atkin of Hillcrest Oxenholme Westmorland died 10 December 1952 Probate Carlisle 24 February (1953) to Lawrence Herbert Shepherd cycle agent. Effects £3,046 16s 9d.
MOFFAT Ada Mary of Mountside Beech Hill Terrace Kendal Westmorland died 13 June 1966. Probate Carlisle 7 September (1966) to Philip Gardner Thomson solicitor. £10,108
MOFFAT Thomas of Glen-villa Oxenholme Westmorland died 8 March 1923. Probate Carlisle 24 April (1923) to Ada Mary Moffat widow and Arthur Ingram Moffat agricultural merchant and agent. Effects £4,726 5s 7d.
NIXON Elizabeth Todd of 24 Helmside Oxenholme Westmorland widow died 1 July 1946 at 10 Gandy-street Kendal Westmorland. Probate Carlisle 23 July (1946) to Percy Nixon railway engine driver. Effects £597 14s 8d.
PAINE Harry of 8 Union-street Kendal Westmorland brakesman died 5 December 1913 at Wigan. Administration Carlisle 2 January (1914) to Jane Paine widow. Effects £168 5s.
PEARS John. 16 January (1890). Administration of the Personal Estate of John Pears late of Helmside near Kendal in the County of Westmoreland Railway Porter who died 1 January 1890 at Oxenholme near Kendal in the said County was granted at Carlisle to Sarah Pears of Helmside Widow the Relict. Personal Estate £246 14s 11d.
POOLEY John of 5 Hill Place Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 17 December 1950. Probate Carlisle 26 January (1951) to William Haythornthwaite retired engine driver and William Thomas Thornton retired railwayman. Effects £182 10s.
RISHTON Frank of Helmdene Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 23 March 1934. Probate Carlisle 9 August (1934) to Margaret Rishton widow Henry John Rishton retired farmer and Richard Askew retired police sergeant. Effects £11,055 8s 8d.
ROOKE Ada Louisa of Bromley Cottage Stainton Kendal Westmorland died 20 January 1965 at 21 Bolefoot Oxenholme Kendal. Probate Lancaster 15 February (1965) to Arthur Robert Rooke retired railwayman and Millie Shaw married woman. £1796.
SWAINBANK Martha of Helmgarth Oxenholme Westmorland (wife of Henry Ellis Swainbank) died 13 May 1932. Administration Carlisle 22 June (1932) to the said Henry Ellis Swainbank engine driver. Effects £764 3s 9d.
SWARBRICK Allan of 12 Helmside Oxenholme near Kendal Westmorland died 12 March 1944 at Westmorland County Hospital. Administration Carlisle 2 May (1944) to Jane Swarbrick widow. Effects £372 6s 3d.
TEASDALE George. 23 August 1866. The Will of George Teasdale formerly of the “Beehive” Inn Stainton in the Parish of Heversham but late of “Oxenholme Station” Inn Natland both in the County of Westmoreland Innkeeper deceased who died 30 June 1866 at the “Oxenholme Station” Inn aforesaid was proved at Carlisle by the oaths of Isabella Teasdale of “Oxenholme Station” Inn aforesaid Widow the Relict William Hindson of Old Hutton in the County aforesaid Relieving Officer and Thomas Dixon of Underhelm in Stainton aforesaid Farmer the Executors. Effects under £800.
TEASDALE Isabella. 3 February 1876. Administration of the effects of Isabella Teasdale late of “Oxenholme Station” Inn in the Township of Natland in the County of Westmoreland Widow who died 1 January 1876 at “Oxenholme Station” Inn was granted at Carlisle to George Teasdale of “Oxenholme Station” Inn Innkeeper the Son and one of the Next of Kin. Effects under £200.
WILSON Charles Henry of Oxenholme House Oxenholme Westmorland died 7 March 1927. Probate Carlisle 27 April (1927) to John Gasgoigne Swinglehurst esquire and Edward Moser solicitor. Effects £49,017 19s 8d. Resworn £49,142 19s 8d.
WILSON William Esq.9 September 1880. The Will with a Codicil of William Wilson late of Rigmaden in the County of Westmoreland Esquire who died 26 July 1880 at Rigmaden was proved at Carlisle by Arthur Shepherd of Shaw End in the said County esquire and Christopher Wyndham Wilson of Rigmaden William James Wilson of High Park in the said County and Charles Henry Wilson of Rigmaden Esquires the Sons the Executors. Personal Estate under £200,000.
WINDER Albert Edwardotherwise Albert Edward Chapman of 4 Helmside Oxenholme Kendal Westmorland died 30 January 1957 at Kendal Green Hospital Kendal. Probate Carlisle 19 February (1957) to John Willie Winder railway guard. Effects £423 15s 8d.
WINDER John Willieof Helme Hurst 100 Oxenholme Road Kendal Westmorland died 29 November 1958. Administration (with Will) Carlisle 19 February (1959) to Helena Winder widow. Effects £2,208 9s 8d.
WINDER Sarah Elizabeth of 19 Helmside Rd Oxenholme Kendal died 4 June 1977. Probate Newcastle-upon-Tyne 22 July (1977). £8,874 772301254W